LM4752 amplifier

LM4752 is a stereo audio amplifier capable of delivering 11watt per channel of continuous average output power to a 4Ω load, or 7W per channel into 8Ω, using a single supply at 10% THD+N.  A simple mute function can be implemented with the addition of a few external components.

LM4752 circuit

lm4752s amp pic1

lm4752s amp pic2

 

pictures of my old projects.

Old projects.

 

mini_tank1
mini tank robot

Mini tank robot was my one of oldest project. I built it for fun, no use only for fun.  I did used ADXL335 accelerometer for inclination detection , AVR microncontroller (ATmega164P) for processing and controlling  and L293D motor driver Chip and BO series motor.

 

robot2
robot 2
pov-display
POV display based on ATmega48

 

lm4752s amp pic1    lm4752s amp pic2

 

 

 

 

 

Robot project

master-slave robot arm  or teleoperator, this is one of my oldest project which I was built in 2012, For this simple application I did used NE556 IC to control Servo motors,  It is a dual timer chip and yep brother of very famous chip called NE555,  NE556 dual timer chip, one timer  configured in astable mode and output of it is connected to another timer which is configured in monostable and the pulse width is controlled by simple potentiometer or variable resistor which is connected in monostable circuit(RC network), Monostable output is a control signal further conneted to control terminal of analogue servo motor.

Master_arm (potentiometers as position sensors)  wooden arm

master arm
master arm(potentiometers as position sensors)

Slave_arm with cheap servos

slave arm
slave_arm with servo’s

Control circuit using NE556 dual timer chip and some other passive components

control circuit

master slave robot arm

Video

KA7500C application circuit

This buck converter/step down circuit is based on KA7500c SMPS controller chip,
the following circuit is from the reference design you can find the details of the circuit and calculations from the document. This is one of the application circuit built around with KA7500C, this buck converter  can suply a load current of 5.75Ampere at 5V we could also use  TL494 or KA7500c both are same in operation/ratings. The recommended operating voltage range is 7V to 40V DC and the power source i am using for this is a old laptop power supply adapter rated 18V,3.7A. , however the maximum input current the circuit draws is 2A at full load.

circuit diagram:

ka7500c circuit buck converter
ka7500 application circuit buck
ka7500-buck-converter
KA7500 buck converter
ka7500-buck-converter_1
KA7500 buck converter_1

buck converter can supply load current of 5.75A at 5V and the short circuit current is 7Ampere.  the maximum output is 5V×5.75A, the ripple voltage at max power out is 94mV and input power is 18V×2A and the efficiency(η) calculated

η = output power/input power = 5×5.75/18×2
η = 79.86%

Note: C1,C2,C3 are the low ESR electrolytic capacitors add 2 of 100nF,50V rated ceramic capacitors in parallel to C1,C2,C3, to reduce the high frequency noise.

L1,  FS-1RN series toroidal cores made from iron powder (26) for creating inductors, FS-1RN core or similar  you can get this one from old desktop PSU’s. here is a useful link of toroids,  one of my friend Mr William helped me in selecting toroidal core, thanks to him.

Q1 , Q2  are2SB772 2SC4468 they are audio transistors, can be  used for switching applications, linear.

 

LM4755 amplifier

I built this amplifier for my iPod,  amp circuit based on LM4755 chip, stereo audio amp capable of delivering 11watt per channel of continues average power output to a 4Ω using a supply of 24V at 10% THD. It is designed for single supply operation.

IC

Features:

  1. Wide supply range 9V-40V
  2. Drives 4Ω and 8Ω loads
  3. Integrated Mute Function
  4. Minimal External Components Needed
  5. Single Supply Operation
  6. Internal Current Limiting and Thermal Protection

 

Construction- DIY LM4755 amp

This amp, primarly used on my desk. So it needs to look good, for the enclosure  i used old dead CD-ROM case.

20160811_114034

for  tone control and preamplifier I used OPA2134 (dual opamp) chip.

preamp is 1.5dB gain that works with single power supply. and the tone control to boost or reduce the particular audio frequencies,  simple RC filter circuit + preset/VR to control the Signal level of particular freq.

PIC2

 

Pictures of my construction:

PIC4

 

PIC0

20160811_113629

20160811_135939

20160811_113311

 

 

 

volume indicator

Volume indicator Indicates the level of audio signal.(this project is under construction.. will update soon )

INPUT devices: microphone                                                                                                         OUTPUT: LED bar graph                                                                                                               processing: AVR (ATmega32A)

My construction:

volume unit meter version1

 

microphone pickup’s the audio signal and BC546 preamp amplifies the signal to the level 1.8Vpp max, so that ADC can read.  BC546 collector feedback bias circuit.

ckt.jpg

 

audio fed to the ADC pin of ATmega32A

aaded voltage regulator (2sc1383 + 5V6 zener), we can also use LM7805 regulator.

volume indicatorpic1.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

AM transmitter

I am always interested in building radio circuits. am transmitter, for construction, I used copper clad boards and really like the construction, not neat though, I do remember that I sprayed thicker coats of lacquer on the board before laying the parts on it.

circuit diagram: circuit AM

WP_20160322_001

 

 

back panel

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BNC antenna       audio input     power DC 12V in

 

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I used my function generator for carrier signal

 

 

 

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added carrier signal generator (AVR MCU board)

Carrier signal generator program:

it is simple just a PWM code, 16bit timer module in fast PWM

//FUSE bits
/*
BODLEVEL = DISABLED
RSTDISBL = [ ]
DWEN = [ ]
SPIEN = [X]
WDTON = [ ]
EESAVE = [ ]
BOOTSZ = 2048W_3800
BOOTRST = [ ]
CKDIV8 = [ ]
CKOUT = [ ]
SUT_CKSEL = EXTFSXTAL_16KCK_14CK_4MS1

EXTENDED = 0xFF (valid)
HIGH = 0xD9 (valid)
LOW = 0xE7 (valid)
*/
#define F_CPU 16000000UL
#include "avr/io.h"
#include "avr/interrupt.h"
#include "avr/sleep.h"
#include "util/delay.h"
void timer1(void);
void timer1()
{
        /*
         configure the timer1 module fast PWM mode
         Freq_OCR1A_PWM = F_CPU /(N(1+top)) = 16MHz/1(1+top)
         top = ICR1  */
        
    TCCR1A |= 1<<COM1A0 | 1<<WGM10 | 1<<WGM11;
    TCCR1B |= 1<<WGM12 | 1<<WGM13; 
    TCCR1B |= 1<<CS10;
    ICR1 = 27.4;  
}

int main(void)
{
    DDRD = 0x00; 
    PORTD = 0x00; 
    DDRC = 0x00;
    PORTC = 0x00; 
    DDRB |= 1<<PINB1; // declaring PINB1 as output
    timer1(); 
    sei(); //enable interrupt
    while(1)
    { 
        OCR1A = ICR1/2; //50% duty cycle
    }
}

we can also use schmitt trigger for this simple application, i used micrcontroller because i will include SWR meter in the future.
 

 

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ah yes i know the circuit construction looks really bad, it is working 😀

 

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antenna coil (loop)
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antenna coil (loop)

i used this Loop antenna and with low power works really good

F0000TEK - Copy
signal across antenna coil

 

Video